Historic Gardens

Surrey has a rich legacy of historic parks and gardens. In spite of threats from development, neglect and lack of resources, many still survive. However many have been lost or are in poor condition. The work of the Research and Recording Group helps the Trust to raise awareness of our precious heritage assets both when they are in danger but also for the benefit and appreciation of both landowners and the public. This relates equally to parks and gardens of national as well as local significance.

More information about Surrey's registered historic parks and gardens and other local non-designated historic parks and gardens can be found by following the links below. 

REGISTERED parks and gardens in Surrey

Alphabetically listed below are the 40 gardens, parks and cemeteries of national significance in Surrey that appear in the Historic England Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest. There are approximately 1600 registered parks and gardens in the UK on the Register. These are graded Grade I, sites of exceptional interest, Grade II*, particularly important sites of more than special interest and Grade II, sites of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them. A historic designed landscape on the Register is a 'designated heritage asset'. Research by Surrey Gardens Trust's researchers and recorders of the nationally important sites, Nonsuch, Ashtead, Gatton, Bagshot, Frimley and Farnham Parks and Sutton Place provided the necessary information for these to be included on the Register following the original compilation in the 1980s.

We have included a full list of the parks and gardens included on the Historic England heritage list**. Do not hesitate to get in touch with the Research and Recording Group if you would like any further information. We have also included links to useful sites relevant to each property. The symbols are defined above for ease of reference.

** The list below will be expanded over the coming weeks to complete the full list


ALBURY PARK
Grade I

A mid 17th century terrace, bath house and tunnel, surviving from a garden designed by John Evelyn, with mid 19th century exotic tree planting by Henry Drummond set within a park of 17th century origin.
Private: NGS opening

 

ASHTEAD PARK
GRADE II

A 17th century park, developed during the 18th century and 19th century by successive owners.
Open access to northern part (Mole Valley District Council), southern part is City of London Freemen’s School

 

Bagshot Park, Windlesham
Grade II

Mid Victorian gardens and pleasure grounds belonging to the Duke of Connaught, set in parkland reimparked in the late 17th century, and incorporating pleasure grounds of the early 19th century laid out for the Duchess of Gloucester.
No access

 

BROOKWOOD CEMETERY, BROOKWOOD
GRADE I

The largest cemetery in England, founded in 1852 to house London’s dead, serviced by its own railway line and laid out and planted to J C Loudon's principles.
Regular Openings (Woking Borough Council)

 

Busbridge Lakes, Busbridge
GRADE II

A collection of mid 18th century follies set within a secluded steep-sided valley containing a chain of lakes.  Original house demolished and present Edwardian house on site to the north.
Occasional openings of garden, house not open (site in a number of different ownerships)

 

Clandon Park, Guildford
GRADE II

Gardens and pleasure grounds within a landscaped park, circa 1776-81, by Lancelot Brown replacing the early 18th century formal gardens.  Gardens further developed in the late 19th century, with advice by a Mr Nesfield, and in the late 20th century

National Trust (house and immediate grounds), rest in private ownership

 

CLAREMONT, ESHER
GRADE I

 Extensive and complex pleasure grounds and park around a country mansion.  Main phases 18th century and early 19th century, with early 18th century work by Sir John Vanbrugh with Charles Bridgeman and possibly Stephen Switzer, and William Kent with Thomas Greening; mid 18th century work by Lancelot Brown; and early 19th century work by J W Hiort, J B Papworth, and A C Pugin.  Claremont was highly influential in the English landscape movement during the 18th century.

National Trust

 

Other LOCALLY SIGNIFICANT parks and gardens in Surrey

Over many years, the Trust has researched and recorded parks and gardens in Surrey which it believes to be of local heritage interest but not of national significance. This research has been submitted to the relevant Historic Environment Records (HERs) where it is visible and available for use in the planning process. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any queries regarding a potentially historic park or garden. We are very happy to assist in locating appropriate information.

The Surrey Heritage website can be searched for information on many of these sites but if it is not included this does not necessarily signify that it is not of importance as this record cannot be regarded as complete. 

Listed below are the Borough and District Councils in Surrey. The Trust has researched and recorded designed landscapes in all of these areas and considered which are of heritage significance.  These may not be definitive lists as there may be sites referred to which are no longer significant due to development or other changes and there may be some which have not been recognised. We continue to update these records and we will be working with the local authorities to produce Local Lists for each area.

Lists of locally significant non-designated sites in each of these areas of Surrey will be added to the website in due course. Guildford Borough Council and Reigate and Banstead Borough Council have produced a Local List and the links are below

Elmbridge Borough Council
Epsom and Ewell Borough Council
Guildford Borough Council
Mole Valley District Council
Reigate and Banstead Borough Council
Runnymede Borough Council
Spelthorne Borough Council
Surrey Heath Borough Council
Tandridge District Council
Waverley Borough Council
Woking Borough Council